Top 10 Civil Rights Movement in The United States

Brown v. Board of Education (1954) 

The landmark Supreme Court decision declared state laws establishing separate public schools for black and white students to be unconstitutional, overturning the previous "separate but equal" doctrine. 

Montgomery Bus Boycott (1955-1956) 

Rosa Parks' refusal to give up her bus seat to a white man sparked a 381-day boycott of the Montgomery bus system, led by a young Martin Luther King Jr. The boycott resulted in a Supreme Court ruling that segregation on public buses was  

Little Rock Nine (1957) 

Nine African American students faced intense resistance and hostility when they attempted to integrate Little Rock Central High School in Arkansas. President Eisenhower ultimately had to deploy federal troops to ensure their safety and enforce desegregation. 

Sit-ins (1960) 

The student-led sit-in movements began in Greensboro, North Carolina, where African American college students staged peaceful protests at segregated lunch counters. This form of nonviolent resistance quickly spread across the South, challenging segregation policies. 

Freedom Rides (1961) 

Activists, both black and white, rode interstate buses into the segregated Southern United States to challenge the non-enforcement of Supreme Court rulings regarding interstate bus travel. These rides often faced violent reactions from white supremacists. 

March on Washington (1963) 

The iconic "I Have a Dream" speech by Martin Luther King Jr. took place during the March on Washington for Jobs and Freedom. This peaceful demonstration drew attention to the need for civil and economic rights for African Americans. 

Civil Rights Act of 1964 

This comprehensive legislation outlawed discrimination based on race, color, religion, sex, or national origin. It ended segregation in public places and banned employment discrimination, marking a significant legislative victory for the Civil Rights Movement. 

Voting Rights Act of 1965 

Addressing discriminatory voting practices, this landmark legislation eliminated barriers that prevented African Americans from exercising their right to vote, such as literacy tests and poll taxes. 

Black Power Salute (1968) 

During the Mexico City Olympics, African American athletes Tommie Smith and John Carlos raised their fists in a Black Power salute during the national anthem, symbolizing the struggle for civil rights and social justice. 

Assassination of Martin Luther King Jr. (1968) 

The tragic assassination of Martin Luther King Jr. in Memphis deeply impacted the Civil Rights Movement. His death led to widespread mourning and renewed commitment to the fight for racial equality. 

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